20060208

黃豆用途廣 未來環保新主流

【文/RedHat】

近期石油價格不斷上漲,除與美國產油地區風災、恐怖攻擊等因素相關,也受原油儲量可能用鑿等心理因素影響,因此先進國家無不陸續發展替代能源,其中頗受矚目者之一即為生質柴油(Biodiesel)。 取材自動植物油脂的生質柴油,除可大幅降低柴油引擎的廢氣排放,也具有生物可分解和無毒等特性,可謂之為新時代的環保能源。

在國內,由經濟部所推動之首座「生質柴油示範系統」已於2004年10月在嘉義縣民雄工業區的新日化廠區正式啟用,總投資額近50億元,年產量估計達3000公噸;而由環保署所主導,每年編列1億元經費之「生質柴油道路試行工作計畫」,自2005年迄今,已有13個縣市配合辦理,近800輛各式車型上路。

但其實國內早在1997年時,即由美國黃豆協會台灣辦事處(American Soybean Association, Taiwan,以下簡稱ASA)首度宣導、介紹及推行採用生質柴油。ASA在台灣的宗旨及任務之一,除了為美國黃豆農民服務,開拓更廣大的海外市場,同時也善盡企業環境責任,積極推廣黃豆加工產品的工業利用與環保用途(黃豆係為生質柴油的原料之一)。 ASA從專業的研究報告以及簡單易懂的Q&A同時出發,分別在ASA網站上簡介美國生質柴油之特性,並提出「拯救環保系列報導:世界生質柴油的發展與趨勢」、「生化柴油在日本的現況與展望」等分析報告。9年間,ASA陸續邀請各國生質柴油專家、學者來台舉辦研討會,引入最新技術及觀念,深獲國內學界及產業界好評。生質柴油相關的推廣、宣導記者會,以及與國內研究、檢驗機構所共同進行之生質柴油性能測試、檢驗,也對生質柴油發展進程有相當助益。

ASA駐台代表湯紹聯表示:「美國黃豆的工資成本較高,在生質柴油的製造上,競爭力可能不若其它國家或是其它種類的植物油,但基於推廣環保替代能源的社會責任,即使未來的商業機會不在美國黃豆,ASA仍會持續致力於黃豆的各種工業、環保用途開發。」

ASA資深顧問陳介武,以其數十年豐富的油脂化學學養及油品加工經驗指出,目前初步整理黃豆加工後的相關工業用途,即可達16種以上,而以現今的技術能力,幾乎各種石化加工的產品,皆可以黃豆加工產品替代,不但品質及性能不遜於石化產品,其無毒、生物可分解的環保特性,更為符合現代需求。

因此,除了生質柴油,ASA在台灣尚推廣另一黃豆加工產品-黃豆油墨(Soy ink)。黃豆油墨係於1979年由美國報業所提倡開發,用以取代石油基質的印刷油墨,在經過多年試驗後,黃豆油墨終於被業界認可為印刷效果良好、價格便宜且無毒的環保油墨。目前美國已約有10,000家報社採用,而歐洲、澳洲、日本及韓國也開始推廣使用這種低揮發性有機成份的黃豆油墨,其可分解特性,也對紙類的回收再利用更加有益。

在台灣,ASA引入經美國National Soy Ink Information Center授權的「Soy Seal」標籤,國內印刷廠商或是紙張使用者,只要提出使用黃豆油墨的證明,向ASA登記即可免費使用該標籤,用以宣示業者及個人的環保政策與觀念。ASA相信,未來只要生質柴油及黃豆油墨的市場普及,而廠商的投入意願增加,則目前市場上偏高的價格問題即可獲得改善,民眾也能更輕易地取得環保、經濟的民生用品。

(Soy Seal標籤版權為ASA所有)

Comments:
請參與和協助一項新能源/環保議題的調查: UNIDO-ICHET網路調查

(為協助這項有意義的研究,除接受調查外,請協助我們轉寄此信給您認為適合接受調查的人)
親愛的網友:

我們是來自世新大學的研究者,在聯合國工業發展組織─氫能源科技國際中心(UNIDO-ICHET)的贊助之下,我們正在進行一項有關新能源/環保議題和對UNIDO-ICHET網頁使用的調查,請您接受我們的問卷調查,協助這項有意義的研究,謝謝。本問卷為中英雙語問卷(繁體中文Big5)。以下我們提供兩個網站,你可以任選其一進入我們的問卷調查網頁。另外,由於我們研究經費的侷限,以及有鑑於能源危機和新能源議題的日漸重要,我們也懇請您轉寄此信,給您認為適合回答此問卷的受訪者,來支持本研究。

http://www.unido-ichet.org
http://www.ichet.org (UNIDO-ICHET 首頁,請點選右上方for UNIDO-ICHET Survey進入接受調查)
http://eshop.ereach.com.tw/UNIDO-ICHETsurvey (問卷首頁,請直接進入)
研究案主持人:世新大學 蔡美瑛 博士
贊助:聯合國工業發展組織─氫能源科技國際中心(UNIDO-ICHET)
 
Dear Sir/Madam:

We are researchers from Shih Hsin University and are launching a new
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by forwarding this important survey message. >
 
Dear Sir/Madam:

We are researchers from Shih Hsin University and are launching a new
survey, this is non-profit academic research. In this survey, we would
like to know your opinions about the topics of adoption and safety of
new energy related technology, and your opinion about Kyoto Protocol
related media issues. Your answers will produce valuable information
for our researchers. Your personal details will not be made publicly
available. You can find the URL as below:

http://www.e-mediasurvey.com

As thanks for your participating in our survey, we offer four
screen savers. The screen savers will be available for download on the
final page of the questionnaire. They include photos of BMW H2R
hydrogen vehicle, BMW hybrid car, Honda hybrid cars 2001-2006 and
Honda fuel cell vehicles. Would you please complete the questionnaire
as part of the survey? Thank you for your cooperation.


Project Leader: Mavis Tsai, Ph.D.
Co-project Leader: Scott Warren, Ph.D.
Researchers: PingYuan Sun, BiTing Qiou, YunZe Que

Sponsorship:
UNIDO-ICHET
The CCS Global Group
Screen Saver photos authorized by BMW, Honda.

Please complete the questionnaire as part of the survey, and help us
by forwarding this important survey message.
 
Dear Sir/Madam:

We are researchers from Shih Hsin University and are launching a new
survey, this is non-profit academic research. In this survey, we would
like to know your opinions about the topics of adoption and safety of
new energy related technology, and your opinion about Kyoto Protocol
related media issues. Your answers will produce valuable information
for our researchers. Your personal details will not be made publicly
available. You can find the URL as below:

http://www.e-mediasurvey.com

As thanks for your participating in our survey, we offer four
screen savers. The screen savers will be available for download on the
final page of the questionnaire. They include photos of BMW H2R
hydrogen vehicle, BMW hybrid car, Honda hybrid cars 2001-2006 and
Honda fuel cell vehicles. Would you please complete the questionnaire
as part of the survey? Thank you for your cooperation.


Project Leader: Mavis Tsai, Ph.D.
Co-project Leader: Scott Warren, Ph.D.
Researchers: PingYuan Sun, BiTing Qiou, YunZe Que

Sponsorship:
UNIDO-ICHET
The CCS Global Group
Screen Saver photos authorized by BMW, Honda.

Please complete the questionnaire as part of the survey, and help us
by forwarding this important survey message.
 
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